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Nautical nomenclature

Vessel areas


PROA - front of the ship

POPA - back of the ship

BOMBORDO - facing the bow of the ship, the port side is the entire left part of the vessel.

BORDS - facing the bow of the ship, the starboard is the right side of the vessel.

HALF-NAU - part between bow and stern

FINS - normally curved part between midship and stern

TACKS - curved part between midship and bow

DECKS - main exterior landing

CABIN - interior area of the ship (when the ship is cabin)

POOP - common area to the cabin roof (name derived from the fact that there are many sailors "tipping" because of the boom of the sail)

FORWARD - from midship to forward

DEF - from midship to back of ship

HULL - boat body

BASEMENT - Compartment usually in the bow, used to store material of the vessel (anchor, chain, tank, etc ...)




PATILHÃO or QUILHA - central stabilizer that prevents the boat from sinking

HELM - paddle below the water line that gives direction

WHEEL ROD - Steering wheel for steering boats

VARANDIN - normally steel cables that prevent the passenger from passing the edge

ALBOIO - cabin roof windows

VIGIA - cabin wall windows

ANCORA - instrument used to anchor the vessel




BIG OR MAIN SAIL - The boat's main sail is located just behind the main mast.

ESTAI - secondary sail ahead of the mast

GENOA - same as the stay but with a different cloth configuration

SPI - balloon-shaped sail with a lot of sail area, placed in the bow of the boat, generally used in aft sailings

ESCOTA - cable that adjusts the boom opening

PLUG - fixed cable at the bow

TACK - cable that hoists the sail


MASTRO - vertical structure that holds the sail and transfers the energy of the wind to move the ship

RETRANCA - horizontal structure

VAUS - auxiliary structure for fixing the mast

BRANDAL - mast structure cables

CRAB - used on older vessels as if it were an "upper boom" without a sheet.

PICO - the back of the crab

MOUTH - further part of the crab that fits on the mast

Nautical Terms

HUNT - pull a cable

FOLGAR - give more cable

GUINING - turning the vessel to port or starboard

BUDGET - bring the bow closer to the wind line

ARRIBAR - move the bow away from the wind line

FUNDIAR - Drop the anchor

CAMBAR - turn the wind line from the stern

BOARD - rotate the wind line through the bow

ROUTE - actual route practiced by the vessel

PROA - direction where the bow points

APPROVE TO THE WIND - put the bow in the wind line

BARLAVENTO - direction of the wind, where it comes from.

SOTAVENTO - direction of the wind, where it goes


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